Sterlitech offers two brands of SDI (Silt Density Index for water and wastewater) Kits; the GE AutoSDI kits and the SimpleSDI kits; which are available in manual, 115 V, and 220 V versions.
The MCE membrane used for either fo theSDI kits is our part number MCE4547100. Click here to purchase the membrane (0.45 micron, 47mm, 100/box).
To learn more about how ASTM methods for SDI testing, please refer to ASTM Standard 4189-07.
|182-11006||SimpleSDI International Power Supply/Battery Charger||SimpleSDI||100-240 V, 50 Hz||
|SDIPUMP||Auto SDI Booster Pump||GE||115 V/220 V||
|SDIKIT4701||Manual SDI Kit||GE||NA||
|SDIKIT220A||Auto SDI Tester Kit - 220 V||GE||220 V||
|SDIKIT115A||Auto SDI Tester Kit - 115 V||GE||115 V||
|182-420025||SDI Booster Pump - 230 V||SimpleSDI||230 V, 50/60Hz||
|182-420005||SDI Booster Pump - 110 V||SimpleSDI||110 V, 60Hz||
|182-11005||SimpleSDI Power Supply/Battery Charger||SimpleSDI||110 V, 60 Hz||
|182-10025||SimpleSDI: Automated Portable Test Instrument, International Version||SimpleSDI||100-240 V, 50/60 Hz||
|182-10005||SimpleSDI: Automated Portable Test Instrument||SimpleSDI||110 V/60 Hz||
|182-00105||ManualSDI, Portable Test Kit||SimpleSDI||NA||
Silt Density Index (SDI) testing quantifies the amount of particulate contamination in a water source. SDI is widely accepted for estimating the rate at which colloidal and particulate fouling will occur in water purification systems – especially in applications using reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. Water sources often change their water quality and this test often needs to be done weekly or monthly.
The Sterlitech SDI tester automatically calculates a relative value for the amount of suspended matter in feedwater streams. Measured values reflect the rate at which a 0.45-micron membrane filter will plug with particulate material when feedwater is flowing through it. The ASTM chose the 0.45 micron filter because it is more likely to clog from colloidal matter than from hard particles such as sand or scale. SDI testing is commonly used as an “early alert” to ensure that particulates in feedwater do not plug the micropores in RO membranes.
How is SDI Calculated?
SDI is calculated based upon the decay in flow rate during a 15 minute period across a new 0.45 micron filter installed in the built-in holding fixture. Flow rate measurement accuracy is ensured by automatically maintaining a constant 30 psi (2.07 bar) in the feed stream to the filter.
Flow rates are measured during the collection of 500 mL samples at the start of the test and after 5, 10, and 15 minutes. SDI units (percent decay per minute) represent the degree of plugging that may occur due to the feedwater stream particulate and colloidal levels. The 15 minute SDI (SDI 15) is defined by ASTM D 4189-95 as the interval required for accurate and standardized testing. The 5 and 10 minute SDI values are only estimates of the 15 minute value.
In addition to calculating SDI 15, the measured decay in flow rate is also converted from an SDI value to plugging factor (PF) value, a number between 1 and 100%. 100 percent means the filter is completely plugged. This provides an understandable point of reference for the potential of your RO membranes to plug — the higher the percentage, the faster your membranes may become fouled with particulates.
Information on silt density index (SDI) testing
Perhaps the most critical component of the SDI test is the membrane filter used in the test. Previous versions of the standard had defined the membrane as follows:
6.2 Membrane Filter, 47 mm in diameter, gridded, and with a mean pore size in the range 0.45 +/- 0.02 μm, inclusive. Use only filters that are packaged in the same orientation.Note that the type of membrane, that is, the polymer, was never specified. While standard practice has been to used mixed cellulose ester membranes, the lack of a specification meant that membranes of other polymers could be used. Since membranes of different polymers have widely varying permeability characteristics this is a potentially huge source of variation in test results.
The error in the old standard was the designation to use a "gridded" membrane. This never made sense and in conversations with water professsionals all around the world I never encountered one who was using "gridded" membranes. This is significant because the process of "gridding" the membrane affects the surface of the membrane making it more permeable. This obviously introduces an unwanted and unneeded variable.
Both of these issues have been corrected in the new standard. Section 6.2 has been expanded to include the following definitions of the membrane filter properties:
6.2 Membrane Filter:
6.2.1 Membrane—white hydrophillic, mixed cellulose nitrate (50–75 %) and cellulose acetate (MCE).
6.2.2 Mean Pore Size—0.45 μm.
6.2.3 Diameter—47 mm nominal, plain.
6.2.4 Thickness—115–180 μm.
6.2.5 Pure Water Flow Time—25–50 seconds/500 mL.
6.2.6 Pressure—91.4–94.7 kPa (13.3–13.8 psi).
6.2.7 Bubble Point—179–248 kPa (26.0–36.0 psi)
How do the membranes from different manufacturers compare?
- For many users, the Millipore membrane has been the "standard" membrane for silt density index testing. If you Google silt density index you'll even find a reference or two that actually states that the test is to be performed with a Millipore membrane. Since the characteristics of the membrane has a profound effect on the results, we prepared a comparison of the leading membranes.
This comparison reveals some interesting differences. Especially interesting is the relatively "loose" characteristics of the Millipore membrane which is so widely used. The "loose" designation is supported by the relatively low bubble point and a corresponding high flow rate of the Millipore membrane. For use in SDI testing, "looser" translates to less consistency and less reliable results. Given the many variables in the silt density index test, adding membranes as a variable doesn't make sense. We don't have any experience with the Whatman membranes, but based on their specs they look like a viable option. Note: Sterlitech (MCE4547100) and Advantec MFS are equivalent products.
See manuals for specific details on power, weight, and dimensions.